- Kent School District
- KSD Student/Parent Handbook
Multi-Tiered Systems of Support
Addressing Students' Individual Needs
The Kent School District is committed to the use of a multi-tiered system of support (MTSS) to address student needs. Each school, using the MTSS framework, develops a series of tiered supports to address their student's individual needs. These include both Academic and Behavior supports. The supports are
categorized as Tier One, Tier Two and Tier Three supports.
Tier 1: Universal Supports
Supports given to all students at a school. Examples include: developing and teaching clear school/classroom expectations, teaching routines, intentionally developing positive relationships between staff and students, utilizing strong instructional practices, creating a culture of learning, using data from formative assessments to guide instruction, teaching Social Emotional Learning (SEL) skills to all students, intentionally fostering family engagement.
Tier 2: Targeted Supports
A smaller group of students at a school will need targeted supports in addition to what they are receiving in Tier One. This is usually for a defined period of time. Examples of Tier Two supports include: Small group instruction, participating in a support group (friendship, anger, time management), daily check-in/check-out, adult mentorship, re-teaching and practicing of academic and social emotional skills.
Tier 3: Intensive Supports
An even smaller number of students at a school will need intensive supports. Often times students will need these supports in times of trauma situations. These supports are in addition to the Tier One and Two supports they are already receiving. Tier Three supports are highly individualized and often require a written academic or behavior plan.
School MTSS Teams
Each school in the district is expected to have an MTSS committee that is comprised of representative stakeholders. Most school committees consist of an administrator, teacher, counselor, classified staff member, a parent/guardian and a student (especially at the secondary school). Schools are encouraged to look at the demographics of the committee to help ensure that it closely represents the demographics of the school.
The task of the MTSS committee is to examine school academic and/or behavior data on a regular basis (usually monthly) and look for trends. This is done without student names attached to the data. The purpose is to identify systems issues early and make changes to reverse negative trends.
District MTSS Teams
The district is expected to maintain an MTSS steering committee that is comprised of representative stakeholders. Members of the committee should include at least one student and one parent/guardian. The district is encouraged to look at the demographics of the committee to help ensure that it closely represents the demographics of the district. The purpose of this committee is to identify the functioning
of the school MTSS teams and provide additional supports when needed.