Some children need extra assistance in their school career, and this need may be the result of a disability. Not all students who have disabilities need or qualify for special education services.
Students qualifying as disabled under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) require "specially designed instruction" which is designed and monitored by a certificated special education staff member.
A student qualifies as disabled under IDEA if they have a documented disability, the disability interferes with their ability to learn, and requires specially designed instruction.
Students who qualify under IDEA may require accommodations, as well as modified curriculum, instruction, materials and assessments, which align with, but may be different from performance standards of the general education curriculum
Once qualified, an IEP is developed which includes general and special education staff, an individual knowledgeable about placement options, and provision of district resources, and the parents. It is reviewed annually.
Some students with disabilities do not require specially designed instruction, but do require accommodations in order to access their education (see Section 504).